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Sandy Rivers

The most mined material on earth. It’s not the coal needed to power almost every building on earth but the sand and gravel used to construct them. Up to 85% of all material mined from planet earth is sand or gravel. The cement, asphalt, glass needed to establish develop jungles is all largely made of sand.

The most mined material on earth. It’s not the coal needed to power almost every building on earth but the sand and gravel used to construct them.  Up to 85% of all material mined from planet earth is sand or gravel. The cement, asphalt, glass needed to establish develop jungles is all largely made of sand.

But we may be running into a shortage. We have plenty of deserts. 7% of the earth is covered in vast expanses of sand. The Sahara covers the same area as the United States. But the fine, white, squeaky sand of the Whitsundays is about as useful as a glass hammer. Only gravelly sand found in riverbeds can be used for cement production.

Just like fish and air, it is a command access good, largely accessible to all with little regulation. We are consuming it 3x more quickly than nature can replenish the resource through the weathering of mountains.

Interestingly, one of the smallest country’s in the world is the biggest importer. In an effort to expand its borders, Singapore has increased its land area by 20% over the last few decades. Recently, neighbouring countries like Malaysia have banned sand exports to the country.


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Stakeshop Pty Ltd, trading as Stake, ACN 610105505, is an authorised representative (Authorised Representative No. 1241398) of Sanlam Private Wealth Pty Ltd (Australian Financial Services Licence No. 337927) ('Sanlam') and an authorised representative (Authorised Representative No. 1241398) of Airwallex Pty Ltd (Australian Financial Services Licence No. 487221) ('Airwallex'). Stake is not authorised by Airwallex under Airwallex’s AFSL to arrange for clients to be issued with securities as Airwallex is not authorised under its AFSL for this purpose. Stake is not authorised by Sanlam under Sanlam’s AFSL to arrange for clients to be issued with a non-cash payment facility as Sanlam is not authorised under its AFSL for this purpose. Stake SMSF Pty Ltd (‘Stake Super’) is not licensed to provide financial product advice under the Corporations Act. This specifically applies to any financial products which are established if you instruct Stake Super to set up a self managed super fund (‘SMSF’). When you sign up to Stake Super, you are contracting with Stake SMSF Pty Ltd who will assist in the establishment of a SMSF under a ‘no advice model’. You will also be referred to Stakeshop Pty Ltd to enable your trading account and bank account to be set up in order to use the Stake Website and/or App. Stakeshop Pty Ltd will also run marketing and promotions to you under. For more information about SMSFs, see our SMSF Risks page.The information on our website or our mobile application is not intended to be an inducement, offer or solicitation to anyone in any jurisdiction in which Stake is not regulated or able to market its services. At Stake and Stake Super, we’re focused on giving you a better investing experience but we don’t take into account your personal objectives, circumstances or financial needs. Any advice given by Stake is of a general nature only. As investments carry risk, before making any investment decision, please consider if it’s right for you and seek appropriate taxation and legal advice. Please view our Financial Services GuideTerms & ConditionsPrivacy Policy and Disclaimers  before deciding to invest on or use Stake or Stake Super. By using our website or service in any way, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms & Conditions. All financial products involve risk and you should ensure you understand the risks involved as certain financial products may not be suitable to everyone. Past performance of any product described on this website is not a reliable indication of future performance. Stake and Stake Super are registered trademarks in Australia.

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